Ghana Military Service


Ghana Army



In 1957, the Ghana Army consisted of its headquarters, support services, three battalions of infantry and a reconnaissance squadron with armoured cars. Total strength was approximately 5,700 men.[3] Partially due to an over-supply of British officers after the end of the Second World War, only 12% of the officer corps in Ghana, 29 officers out a total of 209 in all, were black Ghanaians at independence.[4] Under Major General Alexander Paley, there were almost 200 British Ghanaian officers and 230 warrant officers and senior commissioned officers posted throughout the Ghanaian Army.

The command structure for the army forces in Ghana originally stemmed from the British Army’s West Africa Command. Lieutenant General Lashmer Whistler was the penultimate commander holding the command from 1951 to 1953. Lt Gen Sir Otway Herbert, who left the West Africa Command in 1955, was the last commander.[1] The command was dissolved on 1 July 1956.[2]


During the Gold Coast era, the nation was under the Royal West African Frontier Force. In 1959, two years after Ghana’s independence, the Royal West African Frontier Force was withdrawn to form the Ghanaian Army. The Ghanaian Air Force, Ghanaian Navy, and Ghanaian Army together formed the Ghanaian Armed Forces (GAF). The Ghanaian Armed Forces affairs are being controlled by the Ghanaian Ministry of Defense and Central Defense Headquarters. The Ghanaian Ministry of Defense and Central Defense Headquarters are both located in the Federal capital, Accra.


The Ghana army is divided into three (3) brigade sized “commands”:


Northern Command (Tamale)

6th Battalion, Ghana Regiment

Airborne Force (One company sized formation each in Upper West and Upper East regions respectively).

Central Command (Kumasi)

3rd Battalion, Ghana Regiment (Sunyani)

4th Battalion, Ghana Regiment (Kumasi)

2nd Reconnaissance Armoured Squadron (Sunyani)

2nd Signal Squadron (Kumasi)

2nd Field Workshop (Kumasi)

49th Engineer Regiment (Kumasi)

2nd Field Ambulance (Kumasi)

2nd Transport Company (Kumasi)

2nd Field Operations Center (Kumasi)

Southern Command (Accra)

1st Battalion, Ghana Regiment (Tema)

2nd Battalion, Ghana Regiment (Takoradi)

5th Battalion, Ghana Regiment (Accra)

64th Infantry Regiment (Accra)

1st Reconnaissance Armoured Squadron and Reconnaissance Armoured Regiment HQ (Accra)

66th Artillery Regiment (Ho)

48th Engineer Regiment (Teshie)

1st Field Workshop (Accra)

1 Motor Transport Battalion (Accra)


The Ghanaian Army consists of three distinct infantry elements:


Ghana Regiment – The major element of the army is the six light infantry battalions of the Ghana Regiment. Three battalions are assigned to each brigade.

Airborne Force – The Airborne Force (ABF) is a battalion sized formation including a parachute trained company assigned to the Northern Command.

64 Infantry Regiment – 64 Infantry Regiment is the commando trained rapid reaction force assigned to the Southern Command (formerly known as President’s Own Guard Regiment).

Combat Support

The Ghanaian Army has a number of units designated as combat support, including its armour, artillery, engineers and signals:


Reconnaissance Armoured Regiment

48 Engineer Regiment (Teshie, Greater Accra Region)

49 Engineer Regiment

66 Artillery Regiment (Volta Barracks, Ho; formed 2004 from previous Medium Mortar Regiment)

Signals Regiment (Accra)

Logistics Group

Military Ranks Of Ghana

The GA rank structure is similar to the British army ranks structure.

Every military body in the world operates under a chain of command. The Ghana Army Rank Structure is divided into two categories.

The Officers are the top guns who call the shots. They are more like managers saddled with the responsibility of leading and training of enlisted soldiers. The Officers are the main influencers and planners in the Ghana Army.
The Enlisted officers: are military officers who are solely under the authority of an officer.

The Ghana Army Ranks for Officers

There are officially 10 ranks for officers in the Ghanaian Army. The General is the highest ranking officer in the Ghana Army. While the Second Lieutenant is the lowest ranked officer. The list below is the list of the Ghana Army Officers Rank in descending order:

  • General – 5 Stars (Highest Officer Rank)
  • Lieutenant – 4 Stars
  • Brigadier General – 2 Stars.
  • Colonel – 1 Star
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Major
  • Captain
  • Lieutenant
  • Second Lieutenant (Lowest Officer Rank)

Ghana Army Ranks for Enlisted Officers

There are officially 9 ranks for Enlisted Officers in the Ghanaian Army. Below is the list of the Ghana Army Enlisted Officers Rank in descending order:

  • Chief warrant officer (Highest Rank)
  • Warrant officer class I.
  • Warrant officer class II.
  • Staff sergeant.
  • Sergeant.
  • Corporal.
  • Lance-corporal.
  • Private.
  • Recruit – (Lowest Rank


Ghana Army Salary Structure

The Ghanaian Army is being controlled and regulated by the Ministry of Defense and Central Defense Headquarters as mentioned earlier. These offices are also responsible for the Ghana Army salary Structure.

The Single Spine Salary Structure (SSSS) was implemented in the year 2010. The implementation of the Single Spine Salary Structure (SSSS) increased the salary of the Ghanaian Army. Based on the Ghana Army Salary Structure the salary is based solely on the rank. An Officer will definitely earn more than an Enlisted Officer. The higher the level of rank, the higher the salary.  Also, the higher the level of rank, the higher the responsibility.

Disclaimer: The Ghanaian Army did not disclose the salary to the general public. But with information reaching us from a reliable source, the least ranking officer of the Ghana Army earns about GHC1000 monthly. This does not include bonuses and allowance.

Every Ghanaian Soldier is entitled to allowances and bonuses. The higher the rank, the higher the bonus taken home.

Requirement for Ghana Army

In case you are interested in joining the Ghana Army. Below are the list for qualification and requirement.

For Officers Entry

  • Must be a Ghanaian citizen.
  • Must possess a good character.
  • Must not be less than 20 years and more than 25 years.
  • Must be medically fit by the standards of the Ghana Armed Force.
  • Must not be bonded.
  • Must not be married.
  • Minimum height for males is 1.68m (5ft6inches) and for females is 1.57m (5ft2inches).
  • Must have at least 6 credits in any of WASSCE or BECE which must include a credit in English and a Pass in Mathematics.

For Enlisted Officers

  • Must be a Ghanaian citizen.
  • Must possess a good character.
  • Must not be less than 20 years and more than 30-years old at the time of application`.
  • Must be medically fit by the Ghana Armed Forces
  • Must not be bonded.
  • Marriage (optional).
  • Minimum height for males is 1.68m (5ft6inches) and for females is 1.57m (5ft2inches).
  • Must have at least 6 credits in any of WASSCE or BECE which must include a credit in English and a Pass in Mathematics.

I hope this information has been helpful to you, and all your questions regarding the Ghana Armed Forces Rank and Salary Structure have been answered.

GAF Military Schools

The GAF (Ghana Army) operates the GAF Cadet Corps for GAF Cadets whom go on to Military Education and Training and Recruit Training graduation from the GAF Military Academy for Army Recruit and Seaman Recruit prior to enlistment into the Military Branches of the GAF (Ghana Armed Forces):
  • Ghana Military Academy (GAF Military Academy)
  • GAF Cadet Corps)
  • Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

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